Austin, Texas: Sleep plays a significant role in newborns for two and a half years and its functions change rapidly. Sometimes sleep strengthens the learning and memory process in a child’s brain circuit, and sometimes it repairs the brain.
According to American experts, this process is at its peak in a two-and-a-half-year-old child because at that time the brain is undergoing major changes that have been scientifically proven. Almost all animals reduce sleep stress and repair nerve damage.
Although humans spend a third of their lives asleep, the role of sleep has not yet been elucidated. One idea is that it is a psychological, functional, and evolutionary process that has not yet become very clear. In this regard, Professor Junio Chiao of the University of Texas examined the metabolic rate of children from zero to 15 days, brain weight and a kind of deep sleep. It should be noted that deep sleep is called QREM or Rapid Eye Movement. Dreams appear in this deep process of sleep.
Experts have developed a brand new technology to understand this whole process and have also seen its mathematical models. Mental conditions and circuit changes are also called neural reorganization. This process begins before the child is two and a half years old. The brain then ceases to reorganize itself and then focuses on protecting the neural network that becomes its focus.
Experts say in their research that the change in the brain of children is not gradual but very sudden. Research has shown that this change occurs within the first two to three years of human life and sleep plays an important role in this. That is, sleep before the age of two or three forms the human brain.
This process is called neuroplasticity in medical parlance and is more common during REM. This important research is published in the journal Science Advances.