Haroon Rashid has been a great and glorious caliph in the Abbasid Empire. During his caliphate, the wealth of the Abbasids had reached its peak in all aspects of knowledge, culture and politics. In some respects, he was glorified by his forefathers.
Despite being a great emperor, he was free from prejudice and prejudice. Therefore, in his court there was a crowd of scholars, sages, writers and rulers of different schools of thought, whom he also appreciated and rewarded. Many incidents of appreciation and knowledge of scholars are mentioned in the books of history and forgetfulness.
Once Haroon Rashid invited a blind scholar Abu Mu’awiyah Zareer and poured water on his hands. He asked Abu Mu’awiyah if he knew. Who is pouring water in your hand, Abu Mu’awiyah was blind, he could not guess, he did not say, Aaron said, I have performed this service myself, the caliphs of that time also had such greatness of knowledge, Abu Mu’awiyah said He did not express any gratitude, but replied that he did so out of respect for knowledge (History of Islam, vol. 1, p. 2).
As if Caliph Haroon Rashid considered wealth and Iqbal as moving shadows and considered grace and perfection as an eternal blessing of Allah, therefore he was appreciated by the scholars
Caliph Haroon Rasheed was born in the year 5 AH in the place “Ray”. His father Muhammad Mehdi and grandfather Abu Ja’far Mansoor Abbasi were rulers with a high profile personality, proverbial in courage and bravery.
He used the scholars and mujtahids of all disciplines and excelled in all sciences and arts. He was naturally fit for the hadith of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), so he went to read the authoritative and famous book of hadeeth “Mu’ta” in the service of Imam Malik.
Listening to the hadeeth with great relish, he was so engrossed in the love of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that when the name of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was brought before him, he would say, “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)”.
A man objected to this. Haroon Rasheed became furious and said that this person is a heretic. He objected to the hadith of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). At that time he called for a sword, but Abu Mu’awiyah calmed his anger. Khatib)
He was also very steadfast in other religious beliefs and ideas.
It is written in Tarikh-e-Khilafah that he used to pray 100 rak’ats daily except for illness during his caliphate. His prayers were not made up, if he fought for one year. In the second year, he would be honored by the Hajj Ministry of Baitullah.